The Indian-administrated state of Jammu and Kashmir is situated in the far north-west of India and consists of Jammu, the Kashmir Valley and Ladakh.
The Kashmir Valley is a lush green bowl surrounded by majestic mountains. It boasts an unlimited variety of unspoiled natural beauty. The Kashmir-Valley is one of the most beautiful places in the world. Situated high in the Himalayas, this is one of those places that has all the natural ingredients such as high altitude meadows, fruit orchards, lakes, mountains, snow capped Peaks, vast expanses of flatland, mountain streams and a lot more. But there are also man-made attractions as villages, shrines and mosques, built in the unique kashmiri architectural style.
Modern infrastructure has made Kashmir a lot more accessible and enjoyable than in the past. There are good quality hotels, guesthouses, houseboats, airlinks, bus services and golf courses. You can participate in trout fishing, wintersports, heli-skiing, water-sports and mountaineering.
Trekking remains the most popular way of exploring Kashmir.
Trekking in Kashmir combines nature and the local culture. You come through fruit orchards, paddy fields and alpine meadows carpeted by wildflowers. You meet the simple villagers oft he plains and migrant families of Gujjars, the herdsmen who cross the high mountain passes with their cattle.
Kashmir´s capital Srinagar is well connected to the rest of India and the world by air and road.
Srinagar has been famous as a tourist Resort since the 19 th century. Due to its water-ways it is called “The Venice of the east”. Srinagar has got many attractions as the Old Town, ancient monuments, mosques, temples, gardens,….and the twin lakes Dal and Nagin, lined with hundreds of houseboats and shikaras.
accomodations in Srinagar include hotels, guesthouses and houseboats to suitable budgets.
Kashmir hardly has any industry. Besides the tourism, agriculture is the biggest industry. 80 % of the inhabitants live on agriculture. They grow rice, maize, wheat, barley and fruits like apples, walnuts, apricots. Kashmir is the only asian country where saffron is grown. Still, nearly everything is harvested by Hand.
Among the Kashmiri People art and craft has been developed to an exquisite artisanship. Special goats provide the raw material for the fine Kashmir-wool, which is known for its softness. That high quality shawls are called Cashmere Pashminas. Sometimes they also get embroidered by hand with wonderful pattern. I saw women, young girls and also old men doing that particular work. It may take them months to finish such a piece.
In Kashmir silkworms are bred. The silk is worked up to shawls, clothes and to the worldwide known silk carpets.
Kashmir is also famous for its carvings.
- Size: 222.236 squarekilometer
- Inhabitants: 10,5 millions
- Official language: Kashmiri and english
- Currency: Indian rupie
- Kashmir was an independent principality until 1947; when India became independent from Britain.